Here are 213 sites where you can relive the era gone by.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
1. Weather-beaten ruins of the Raj at Ross Island include a ballroom, the Chief Commissioner's house, a bakery, barracks and a church. A couple of bunkers on the island are believed to be from the days of the Japanese occupation from 1942 to 1945. Ross Island is a 30-minute boat ride from Port Blair.
2. Built exclusively for kaalapaani, or solitary confinement of Indian freedom fighters, the Cellular Jail in Port Blair is a grim reminder of a tumultous period in the history of India. The sound-and-light show here is rated as one of the best in the country. Near Aberdeen.
3. The imposing granite structure of Hyderabad's Osmania Arts College blends Hindu temple architecture with the Saracenic style. You will also find traces of Arabic, Moorish and Gothic schools of architecture.
4. The final resting place of several generations of Paigah nobles (the highest ranking nobles in Hyderabad after the Nizam) are totally off the beaten tourist track. About 10 km from Charminar.
5. The Charminar is the most recognisable icon of Hyderabad. From the ramparts, you get a panoramic view of the Old City.
6. The walls of Badshahi Ashurkhana, a 16th-century house of mourning once used by Shias during Muharram, are covered with mosaic enamelled tiles set in hexagonal designs, and Koranic inscriptions. It is located near Charminar.
7. Also close to the Charminar is the restored Chowmahalla Palace, a complex of four stately palaces. This is also where exhibitions of items from the Nizam's private collection are held regularly.
8. Golconda Fort, 11 km from Hyderabad, is considered an engineering feat for its water system and incredible acoustics. Legend has it that a secret tunnel connects it to the Charminar. Some say this secret escape route for the royal family has treasures hidden at several places. The sound-and-light show here has soulful music by Jagjit Singh.
9. The 15th-century Ita Fort, or 'the fort of bricks', has given the state capital, Itanagar, its name. An astounding 80 lakh bricks were used to build it.
10. At Maibong, once the capital of the Kachari Kingdom of Dimasa, lie the ruins of scattered stone houses, a temple and a palace. This place that time forgot, lies about 53 km from Haflong.
11. Rang Ghar in Sibsagar used to be a pavilion for royals to watch sports.
12. In Digboi, the site of some of the world's oldest oilfields, there is a Centenary Museum, which, apart from displaying technological relics, showcases life in Assam in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
13. Nestled amid forests and paddy fields, is the four- storey, brick Karengarh Palace built by kings of the Ahom dynasty that ruled for six centuries. Located about a kilometre north of Sibsagar-Sonari road.
14. Climb the 145 spiral steps of the Golghar-a huge granary built by the British in 1786 standing to the west of the Gandhi Maidan in Patna. When built, it was the city's tallest structure.
15. Locals call it the Jadu Ghar. The Patna Museum, at Vidyapati Marg, built by the British in Indo-Saracenic style, has a collection of colonial paintings and a casket containing holy relics of the Buddha.
16. The 40,000 manuscripts in the Khudha Baksh Oriental Library, Patna, include some rare ones in Arabic and Persian. There is also a collection of Mughal miniatures and a copy of Koran written on deerskin.
17. King George III's dinner service, Marie Antoinette's porcelain and Napoleon's bed are among the eclectic displays at the small, private Jalan Museum, at Patna's Quila House. Entry is free but you have to book in advance. www.quilahouse.com
18. To the south of Patna station lie the ruins of Pataliputra, the capital of Mauryan emperors. There are buildings from the days of Ajatashatru, Chandragupta and Ashoka, including a huge 80-pillared hall where Chandragupta met with his ministers. There's also a small museum in the gardens. At Kankerbagh Road.
19. It takes little or nothing ti guess that the Archaeological Museum in Bodh Gaya has sculptures related to Buddhism. What comes as bonus is the collection of statuettes showing the ten avatars of Lord Vishnu. Apart from the graceful Yakshi and crowned Buddha, it also has some Hindu sculptures like the ten avatars of Lord Vishnu.
20. The ruins at Nalanda, about 90 km south of Patna, include the Great Stupa along with a clutch of lesser stupas, huge assembly halls, decorative friezes, and images of the Buddha.
21. Follow in the footsteps of Mahatma Gandhi in Motihari in east Champaran, from where he staged his first satyagraha on behalf of indigo farmers. Many like to call it the springboard for the country's independence.
22. Rohtasgarh, sprawling on a plateau for over 28 km, is one of India's largest and best preserved forts. Look for one of the 84 secret passages up to the fort from the plains! About 40 km from Sasaram.
23. Established at the place where master architect Le Corbusier worked on Chandigarh's layout, the Le Corbusier Centre in Sector 19 is a tribute to the city's contemporary heritage.
24. The Rock Garden in Sector 1 is a creation of one man's zeal for recycling. Here, rejected porcelain, discarded sanitary-ware, broken bangles and twisted beer caps, get rearranged into a quirky make-belief kingdom.
25. The archaeological wealth at Sirpur, about 83 km from Raipur, includes Lakshman Mandir, apparently the country's only brick temple in a good condition, and many Buddhist viharas.
26. About 30 km from Dantewada lies Bastar's finest archaeology site dating back to the 9th century. Battisha Mandir and Mama Bhanja ka Mandir at Barsur are well-preserved reflections of the past. The prime attractions are the 'twin Ganesha' stone idols, about 8 ft high and 17 ft wide.
27. At Turturiya, where legend says Valmiki composed Ramayana, there is a rich harvest of Shaivite sculptures. About 40 km from Sirpur.
28. The heritage at the twin cities Tala-Malhar, close to Raipur, includes the famous Jethani-Devrani Temples and the Gomukhi shivalingam at the Pataleswar Kedar temple.
29. Erected for the dead by the Maria tribe, menhirs or memorial pillars can be spotted along the highways in Bastar. Basically vertical slabs of stone, their size signifies the standing of the deceased. In tribal tradition, menhirs are filled with drawings connected with the life of the loved one.
Daman, Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
30. Attune your spirit to the austere ruins of the Dominican monastery in Daman. Watch the sound-and-light show to learn about the life of Catholic scholars who came to this seat of theological learning.
31. Trail the treasure trove of Portuguese heritage in Diu-the three baroque style, domed churches of St Francis of Assisi, St Thomas, and St Paul, whose magnificent altar and pulpit are masterpieces of Christian art.
32. The magnificent 16th-century Portuguese fort at Diu was once considered impregnable for its seven bastions, underground escape channels, labyrinthine passages and imposing brass guns and canons.
33. Shaped like a half-open lotus flower and set amid nine pools, the Baha'i Temple near Kalkaji is celebrated for its unusual architecture.
34. The 16th-century white and red Humayun's Tomb, near Nizamuddin, looks best when lit up.
35. The Mughal-era Red Fort provides the perfect setting for a sound-and-light show that takes us through significant events in the capital's history. In Old Delhi.
36. The main attraction in Qutub Complex in Mehrauli is undoubtedly the slender 12th- century tower, the Qutub Minar. But it also has other historic buildings including the Quwwatu'I-Islam Masjid, one of the first mosques in India to carry both Koranic texts and Hindu motifs.
37. Locals have named Adam Khan's tomb Bhulbhulaiyan because of its labyrinthine corridors. It is also unique because its octagonal shape breaks away from the usual Mughal architecture. In Mehrauli.
38. Sitting in the middle of manicured gardens, the tomb of Safdarjung, according to some, bears a strong resemblance with the mausoleum built for Emperor Humayun. Near Jor Bagh.
39. Discover bylanes of Old Delhi, trace ancient structures and visit renowned landmarks with Delhi with heritage and nature walks organised by INTACH and India Habitat Centre. www.intach.org; www.indiahabitat.org
40. Ancient stepwells in several places in the city such as Hauz Khas, Mehrauli, and behind Humayun's Tomb demonstrate how our ancestors conserved rainwater.
41. The room where Mahatma Gandhi spent his last days before he was assassinated has been left intact at Birla House on Tees January Marg. A plaque marks the point where he was shot twice in the courtyard of this white mansion.
42. Jantar Mantar in Delhi's Parliament Street is an architectural gem.
43. The imposing sandstone and granite monument, India Gate is the best-known landmark of Lutyen's Delhi. Inspired by the Arc De Triomphe in Paris, it was built to commemorate Indian soldiers who died fighting during World War I.
44. Only its ruins survive, but the Purana Quila, built by Humayun, is still hugely impressive. The beautiful Kunha Masjid inside has withstood the ravages of time. Off Mathura Road.
45. The displays at National Museum at Janpath include sculptures, antiques and artefacts spanning 5,000 years of Indian history. The famous sculpture of a dancing girl from Mohenjodaro is a prized item here. www.nationalmuseumindia.gov.in
46. The intricate and colourful Azulejos or traditional ceramic painted tiles at the Institute Menezes Braganza depict scenes from the epic poem Os Lus'adas by Portuguese poet Lu's Vaz de Cam?es. They also depict Vasco da Gama's journey to the East. Located at Azad Maidan near Panjim Jetty.
47. Among the most magnificent churches of Goa are the Mary Immaculate Church (Panjim), Bishops Palace (Altinho, Panjim), and the Me de Deus (Saligao).
48. Also doing Goa proud are the imposing churches of Old Goa-Se Cathedral, Basilica of Bom Jesus, Santa Monica Convent, St Augustine's Tower and St Cajetan's Church. Guided walks are offered by Goa Heritage Action Group. http://goaheritage.in
49. The 17th-century Menezes Braganza House in Chandor has beautiful period furniture, chandeliers and porcelain. It is one of Goa's grandest colonial mansions.
50. The Paltcio do Deco, another elegant Portuguese-style mansion, is more than 200 years old. The house and gardens, have been recently restored. In Quepem town. www.palaciododeao.com
51. At Pilar Seminary, admire the stained glass windows at the chapel located here. These are the works of Goan artist Angelo da Fonseca. While you're at this place, also make a visit to the Pilar museum that is known for its extensive collection of antiques and currency. Tel: (0832) 221 8521
52. Heritage walks organised by Bookworm's Cholta Cholta take children (and accompanying parents) on an educative and entertaining trip through the history of Goa. Children get a map to colour, while folk tales and anecdotes add to the magic. http://bookwormgoa.in
53. A freshwater spring near the revered Mahalaxmi Temple in Panjim, Boca de Vaca (Face of the Cow) has a well-lit tunnel made of transparent glass under which you can see water flowing.
54. Take a guided walk with historians, history buffs or students through Panjim's heritage zone. Organised by the Goa Heritage Action Group.
55. The ship-shaped Houses of Goa museum, run by architect Gerard da Cunha, takes you through the architectural history of Goan houses. www.archgoa.org
56. The exhibits at Sanskar Kendra City Museum at Paldi give an insight into Ahmedabad's rich heritage and include sections on Mahatma Gandhi. The museum's building was designed by the illustrious Le Corbusier. It also has a Kite Museum, which, apart from the obvious display of kites, also tells you the history of the sport.
57. Among all the memorials to the Mahatma in the country, the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, where he stayed from 1917 to 1930, is the most moving. This tranquil complex was the launching pad for most of his satyagrahas. The displays include letters written by Gandhi.
58. Near the town of Balasinor, about 86 km from Ahmedabad, is one of the world's greatest dinosaur hatchery sites. Though most of the eggs and large fossils, estimated to be 65 million years old, are now in different museums, traces of dinosaurs on the rocks can be seen.
59. See splendid examples of 11th-century temple architecture at Modhera near Ahmedabad. The exquisitely carved Sun Temple of Modhera is a masterpiece.
60. Champaner, a World Heritage Site, encompasses forts, mausoleum complexes, and structures like stepwells and tanks. The 16th-century Jama Masjid here is considered a landmark of Indo-Saracenic architecture.
61. The piece de resistance at Vadodara's Laxmi Vilas Palace is the Darbar Hall with its exquisitely carved balconies and attractive murals. A museum at the complex has art works collected by Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad. The palace is a private residence, but a part is open to public.
62. The Dabhoi Railway Heritage Park near Pratapnagar railway station in Vadodara, details 150 years of narrow gauge railway history in the city. See railway maps of India in the early-1900s, and other railway memorabilia.
63. Tera at Kutch is a heritage village with a scattering of mosques, temples, stepwells, havelis and a medieval fort with Ramayana-themed frescoes inside. A notable feature of Tera's havelis is the gateway--carved wooden doors framed by ornate stonework featuring Indian and western motifs.
64. At Dholavira, also in Kutch, a prominent site of the 4,500-year-old Harappan Civilisation, lie the remains of the world's earliest water-conservation systems and what might be the world' first signboards. At Lothal, another major site of this Civilisation in the country, there are more ruins and a museum, both of which throw light on the sophisticated town planning at that time.
65. The Bohra Muslim mansions of Siddhpur are architectural masterpieces with elaborate facades and liberal use of etched and stained glass from Europe. One of the most impressive is the Hararwala family house. About 100 km from Ahmedabad.
66. More than 2,000 years of Gujarat's history are preserved at Junagadh's museums. The displays at Junagadh Museum include archaeological finds, art and manuscripts. The Durbar Hall Museum has weapons, armour, palanquins, chandeliers and howdahs from the days of the nawabs.
67. The tomb of Ibrahim Lodi, the ruler of Delhi who was slain in battle with Babar, stands in Panipat. The first Mughal emperor marked his landmark victory in the subcontinent by raising the Kabuli Bagh mosque, close to the tomb.
68. Who would have thought that Kurukshetra was once a centre of Sufism! The proof lies in the beautiful tomb of Sheikh Chehli. Another important landmark is Brahma Sarovar, the largest man-made tank in India, which prompted Abul Fazl, the historian, to remark that it was a 'miniature ocean'.
69. The Viceregal Lodge in Shimla is well worth a visit for its splendid colonial architecture. The lodge is about a 4-km walk from The Mall Road.
70. The tiny Barog Railway Station is something out of a classic fairytale with a Scottish building. It's at the end of the longest tunnel on the Kalka-Shimla toy train route and also boasts the straightest railway tunnel in the world.
Jammu and Kashmir
71. Built in 1402 and rebuilt thrice over, the Juma Masjid in Srinagar stands architecturally distinct on account of its four identical doorways in each direction crowned by pagoda-style domes. That's not all. The ceiling of its large prayer hall is supported by 378 pillars, each being a single deodar tree-trunk.
72. By the banks of River Jhelum and tucked away in Srinagar's old city, Khanqah of Shah-e-Hamadan is undoubtedly the city's most beautiful wood-art building. It has delicate frontage and interiors covered in elaborate coloured carvings.
73. Sushma Reddy feels Taj Mahal is a great ode to love but its mix of architecural styles is the real marvel here.
74. Each of the dargahs in downtown Srinagar are emblematic of local design yet welcomingly individual in character. Do visit Dastgeer Sahib, Rozahbal Mosque, Makhdoom Sahib, Pathar Masjid and Naqshband Sahib.
75. For splendid views of Dal Lake go to Pari Mahal, about 2 km ahead of the beautiful Chesham-e-Shahi Garden. Established by Dara Shikoh, the eldest son of Emperor Shah Jahan, as a school of philosophy, it's now a tranquil seven-tiered garden and its elevation allows an arresting spectacle of life around the Dal.
76. On the way to Srinagar from Pahalgam stop at Avantipora, and admire the architecture of Avantiswarmi Vishnu Temple. It has similarities with Hindu temples of Southeast Asia.
77. The 8th-century Martand Sun Temple near Anantnag, 55 km from Srinagar, suffered damages in the early 15th century. Despite that, this structure made with stone continues to inspire awe.
78. More than the history it's the unique architecture that draws people to Mubarak Mandi in Jammu, a clutch of small palaces in the old city. It's an amalgam of Indo-Islamic and Rajput styles, with Baroque European influence, largely French.
79. The mystical nine-storey Leh Palace that was built in the 16th century is definitely worth a visit. The museum here has a collection of excellent tangkhas. Get mesmerising views of the town from Namgyal Tsemo Gompa above the palace.
80. About 60 km from Daltonganj town lie the evocative ruins of Palamu Fort built by the Chero dynasty.
81. Explore the Anglo-Indian heritage and architectural relics of McCluskieganj, a quaint settlement about 50 km from Ranchi.
82. Get a comprehensive low-down on Jharkhand's tribal culture and heritage at the Tribal Research Institute Museum located in Morhabadi in Ranchi.
83. The design of Bangalore Palace, located on Palace Road, is said to be inspired by Windsor Castle. Mostly made of wood, with towers and turrets, the palace has many Gothic windows, battlements and paintings.
84. The Rail Museum on KRS Road in Mysore has some fantastic relics from the Indian Railways' glorious past.
85. Get a different perspective of Mysore by joining a walking tour. Try the Royal Mysore Walks. www.royalmysorewalks.com
86. Mysore Palace is India's second most visited monument after Taj Mahal.
87. The ruins of Tipu Sultan's former capital Srirangapatnam, are scattered around his stately summer palace of Dariya Daulat Bagh, just outside Mysore.
88. History buffs rate the sculpted Keshava Temple in Somnathpur as one of the finest examples of South Indian architecture. Explore this little gem on a day trip from Mysore.
89. Chitradurga Fort, about 200 km from Bangalore, was an ancient citadel controlled by several powerful dynasties such as the Chalukyas and the Hoysalas.
90. You will find a matchless array of exquisite stone sculptures on a temple tour of Halebid and Belur.
91. Photograph the medieval skyline of Bijapur from the second highest largest dome in the world-Gol Gumbaz.
92. The elaborately carved caves of Badami, the former capital of the Chalukya empire are worth a visit. About 130 km from Bijapur.
93. Move out of Badami and tour the stunning rock-cut temples of Aihole, including the Durga Temple.
94. You can spend a day touring the monuments of the Vijayanagara empire scattered around Hampi, such as the Vittala Temple, Lotus Mahal and Elephant Stables.
95. In the same complex is the ASI Museum, where you can see relics from the glory days of the Bahamani and Adil Shahi empires.
96. The twin-domed Ibrahim Rouza in Bijapur is the city's answer to Taj Mahal. In fact many believe that the design of the Taj Mahal was inspired by this monument.
97. Off the beaten track lie the ruins of the ghost town of Firozabad, a Bahamani stronghold on the banks of the Bhima river near Gulbarga.
98. Walk the ramparts of the Bidar Fort, the largest bastion in South India.
99. Get familiar with India's impressive aviation history as you see a collection of aircrafts at HAL Aerospace Centre and Heritage Museum on Airport-Varthur Road the outskirts of Bangalore.
100. The partially wooden structure of the Mattancherry Palace, also known as Dutch Palace, in Kochi is home to a wealth of murals depicting stories, quite interestingly, from Hindu mythology.
101. Make your way to Hill Palace, the largest archaeological museum in the state at Tripunithura, close to Kochi. The displays at this former home of Kochi's royal family include paintings, murals and sculptures.
102. There is a prized collection of coins from different historic periods, some as old as 2,500 years, at the Numismatics Museum at Koyikkal Palace, near Thiruvananthapuram.
103. At the impressive 400-year-old Bekal Fort, situated on the beach, enjoy panoramic views of the Arabian Sea. This is where Mani Ratnam picturised the song Tu Hi Re from the film Bombay. It is about 15 km from Kasargod.
104. Pictorial wall inscriptions of human and animal figures and other symbols at the Edakkal Caves date back to the Stone Age. The caves lie near Kalpetta in the forests of Wayanad district.
105. The triangular Fort St Angelo, about 3 km from Kannur, built by the Portuguese 500 years back, is impressive as it is surrounded on all sides by water.
106. Walk along the ramparts of the Palakkad Fort, built by Hyder Ali in 1776. The massive walls, turrets and an imposing moat are eloquent reminders of the fort's grandeur.
107. An ancient 13th-century Jain temple near the coastal town of Mangalore was the unlikely place where Tipu Sultan hid his ammunition, and hence the name of the place-Sultan Bathery (coined from the word 'battery').
108. Minicoy, one of Lakshadweep's largest islands, has a magnificent lighthouse built in 1885 by the British. Still operational, the Indian tricolour is hoisted here daily.
109. Part of the royal palace complex in Mandu is the Hindola Mahal, a massive, T-shaped mutli-arched durbar hall, also known as the 'swinging palace', because of its sloping exterior walls. Less than 100 km from Indore.
110. The beautiful, intricately embellished marble chhatris (dome shaped pavilions) of Scindia rulers with an Indo-Islamic blend, are set amidst a Mughal garden at Shivpuri. About 110 km from Gwalior.
111. The 16th-century Kharbuja Mahal at Dhar, richly decorated with murals, is named after its musk-melon shaped domes. It is situated in Dhar Fort, from where you also get superb views of the town. Less than 70 km from Indore.
112. At Ishamnagar, near the state capital, lie the ruins of several palaces built by Bhopal's founder Dost Mohammad Khan.
113. Choose a heritage walk from INTACH and explore hidden corners of Bhopal. www.intach.org
114. In the temple-dominated skyline of Ujjain, the dome of Kaliadeh Palace on an islet on River Shipra, is a fine example of Persian architecture. About 55 km from Indore.
115. The Vedha Shala observatory, built by Raja Jai Singh, is Ujjain's version of Delhi's Jantar Mantar.
116. Visit Chanderi, not solely for its famed weaves but for its forgotten forts, palaces, and the colonnaded Jama Masjid. Explore the Kaushak Mahal built by Mahmud Shah Khilji. More than 100 km from Jhansi.
117. En route to Khajuraho is Datia, the twin city of Orchha. Surrounded by a stone wall, it encloses handsome palaces and gardens. The 17th-century, seven-storey palace built by ruler Bir Singh Deo is a superlative example of Hindu-Rajput architecture.
118. Don't race to Khajuraho. Stop at Chhatarpur, where the Gulganj Fort is a significant structure of Bundeli style. Also worth a quick look are Chhatarpur Palace and Chhatrasal Memorial.
119. The 77 lime-washed Jain temples in Sonagir, run down a slope and from the top of the hill the spires form a stunning landscape. It is about 65 km from Gwalior.
120. The Gwalior Fort that dates back to the 3rd century AD is the oldest surviving Hindu fort in Bundelkhand. It is the heart of Gwalior and a magnificent sight.
121. The chhatris of Krishnapura, memorials to the Holkar rulers of Indore, add to the city's splendour after dusk when they're illuminated.
122. Close to Mumbai on an island are the ancient Elephanta Caves. Hewn out of solid rock, this complex is an exquisite example of rock-cut architecture. Take a ferry from the Gateway of India.
123. Brush up your GK (Gandhian Knowledge) on a tour of the grand Aga Khan Palace (Nagar Road) in Pune, which houses some of the Mahatma's personal belongings, such as utensils.
124. The Shivneri Fort, 110 km from Pune, is the birthplace Maratha leader Shivaji.
125. Dubbed as the lesser Taj, the Bibi Ka Makbara, built in 1679 for Aurangzeb's first wife in Aurangabad strongly resembles its more famous cousin in Agra.
126. There is a copy of the Koran handwritten by Aurangzeb at the Shivaji Museum in Aurangabad.
127. In the village of Khuldabad, in the courtyard of the Alamgir Dargah, lies the grave of Aurangzeb, sculpted in white marble. About 30 km from Aurangabad.
128. Visit the 34 caves at Ellora. See the exquisite cave-temple architecture and then hike up the hills to th Kailasa Temple to view the chisel-work.
129. Janjira, an island fort near Mumbai, was built by Siddi traders from Africa.
130. The pastoral ashrams of Sevagram, where Mahatma Gandhi set up his residence in the pre-Independence years, lie near Nagpur.
131. A ferry ride away from Tarkarli, is the Sindhudurg Fort, Shivaji's 17th-century bastion built on an island.
132. Explore the ruins-including the historic fort-of Ahmednagar, one of the most powerful Deccan sultanates. About 120 km from Pune.
133. Get a different perspective on Maximum City on a heritage walk. www.bombayheritagewalks.com
134. Stone markers and bronze plaques tell stories of heroism and sacrifice at several war memorials in Manipur-the War Cemetery and the Saheed Minar at Imphal, and the Japanese War Memorial at the nearby Nambol town.
135. From Imphal, drive 18 km to Sekta Archaeological Living Museum, better known as Sekta Mound. It is known as the 'living museum' because the excavations are continuing. Remains of human skulls, silver and copper masks, bell metal caskets, pottery, porcelain and implements have been discovered.
136. On the banks of Kangla river in Imphal lies Kangla Fort, the palace of Manipuri rulers. Its brick walls were built in the 17th century after the art of brick-making was learnt from Chinese prisoners captured during an invasion.
137. Don't go by the name. The Rhino Heritage Museum in Shillong is not about the animal. The building was a small arms store and displays captured weapons and memorabilia of various wars.
138. Wander at the Summer Palace of the Jaintia King at the village of Nartiang whose capital used to be at Jaintiapur. You'll find the ruins less than three kilometres from Nartiang market. About 60 km from Shillong.
139. At the World War II Museum at Kisama, learn about the Battle of Kohima, one of the turning points in the Japanese conflict.
140. Get an insight into the tribal culture of Nagaland at the State Museum in Barra Basti, the village next to Kohima. It houses a rare collection of artefacts of each Naga tribe.
141. Visit the War Cemetery in Kohima, set up in memory of the Battle of Kohima, just for its architectural value. Sir Edwin Lutyens, was one of the architects. Need we say more?
142. At Shangnyu village in Mon district, the village chief's house has a wooden panel 8 feet high and 12 feet wide with carvings of human beings and other creatures. The Konyak tribe of this district is famed for its expertise in wood carving, but locals say the panel was made by angels.
143. Near Dimapur at Rajbari Park lie the ruins of the Kachari kingdom dating back to the 13th century. They consist of temples, embankments and baths, not to mention monoliths.
144. A row of ancient caves at Gudahandi facing the tiny village of Khaligarh, have prehistoric cave paintings dating back to the Indus Valley. They lie close to the Koraput district border, near Ampani.
145. Admire the intricate stone carvings and massive free-standing sculptures at the Sun Temple in Konark, designed as a huge chariot.
146. Dhauli Peace Park Shanti Stupa in Bhubaneswar, is where Emperor Ashoka had a change of heart after the Kalinga war. To commemorate his conversion to Buddhism, Nippon Buddha Sangha has built a shining white peace pagoda visible for miles.
147. Visit the site of Ashoka's conversion at the bottom of Dhauli hill. A glass room houses the edicts with a beautiful elephant sculpture at the top of the steps.
148. The caves at Khandagiri and Udayagiri have elaborately carved shelters hewn out of rock. The ones not to be missed are Ranigumpha and Hathigumpha at Udayagiri, while at Khandagiri, the masterpiece is Tirthankara Cave with its sculptures of 24 Jain Tirthankaras.
149. Drop into the State Museum Bhubaneswar to see the best collection of palm leaf manuscripts in Orissa.
150. Browse through the ruins of Puspagiri University, a leading Buddhist seat of learning that thrived until the 11th century. It is situated among the Buddhist monasteries in the Ratnagiri, Lalitgiri and Udayagiri hills on the road to Paradeep.
151. The Tamil Quarter of the former French colony of Pondicherry contains some beautiful architectural gems with wooden pillars, verandahs and tiled gabled roofs. Don't miss the mansion of Anand Rangapillai on 69 Street.
152. The famous ruins of Arikamedu are believed to be from a 2nd-century Roman trading centre.
153. At the Khalsa Heritage Complex in Anandpur Sahib browse through 500 years of Sikh history. Besides exhibition galleries, there is an auditorium and virtual and interactive displays. About 70 km from Chandigarh.
154. The displays at the Archaeological Site Museum in Sanghol village, close to Ludhiana, range from pottery, jewellery, coins of the Harappan Civilisation to several ornaments of the early Muslim period.
155. From bullet marks in the wall to the dry well in which people jumped to avoid being shot at, Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar still bears scars of one of the bloodiest episodes in the history of our freedom struggle. Nearly a 1000 peaceful protesters were massacred at the behest of General Dyer.
156. The Khalsa College here is bastion of Sikh culture and heritage, a historic building which is a fusion of Indian and Mughal styles.
157. The historical village Pul Kanjri near Wagah border, established for Maharaja Ranjit Singh's courtesan, is home to a mosque, a gurudwara, a baradari (a hall with 12 arches) and a tank.
158. The retreat ceremony at Wagah Border, the only road border crossing between Pakistan and India, is when Indian and Pakistani troops lower the flags. This is followed by an energetic parade by the Border Security Force of India and the Pakistan Rangers soldiers. An experience that is both dramatic and moving.
159. At the Archaeological Museum in Ropar, a site of the Harappan Civilisation, there is a wealth of artefacts retrieved from the excavations. Archaeologists are still at work on some of the sites.
160. The Old Moti Bagh Palace in Patiala once held the record as the largest royal residence in the world. Testament to the grandeur and aesthetic sensibility of the Maharajas of Patiala, it has been converted into museums.
161. Famous as Razia Sultana's prison, the grand Qila Mubarak Fort in Bhatinda has influences from the Kushana period in its construction and style. It dates back to the 1st century AD.
162. The Bhakra Dam built in 1963 is the largest dam in the country with a 90-km long reservoir. The magnificent headworks at the gorge that the Sutlej flowed through are a poem etched in concrete.
163. Take a guided tour of Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, the largest and most well- maintained observatory in the country.
164. The grand City Palace in Jaipur, seat of the maharajas, is a wonderful fusion of European, Mughal and Rajput architectural styles. It has stunning buildings like the Chandra Mahal and the Mubarak Mahal.
165. The five-storey structure of Jaipur's Hawa Mahal, built to resemble a beehive, has 953 small windows called jharokhas. Beautiful in the evenings when lit up.
166. With four floors under water and one above it, Jal Mahal on Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur is an architectural marvel that has withstood the ravages of water erosion due to a special kind of organic plaster used during its construction to prevent seepage. Recently restored by a local investment group, after being in ruins for two centuries, it is now open for boat trips to its gardens.
167. The Nahargarh Fort, nestled in the Aravallis overlooks the Pink City, and was one of the fortifications that kept the city secure. About 6 km from Jaipur.
168. The 15th-century Kumbhalgarh Fort near Udaipur was the secondmost important base for the Mewar kings, and believed to be an impregnable base with fortifications extending 36 km.
169. The Monsoon Palace, located 5 km from Udaipur atop a hill overlooks the lovely Lake Pichola and offers great views of the city.
170. Rediscover the lives of the Rajputs as you take the audio tour of Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, which brings a bygone era to life in the best way possible.
171. Despite being attacked thrice, the hilltop fort of Chittaurgarh, rising 150 km above the surrounding regions looks remarkable. Its twin towers, palaces and a complex of Jain temples with carvings are an impressive sight.
172. Built in the 12th century in the Thar Desert, the tawny, sandstone Jaisalmer Fort changes colours and merges with the surrounding sands. Also known as Golden Fort, it is one of the largest desert forts in the world. This is where Satyajit Ray shot a part of the detective film, Sonar Kella.
173. Visit the memorial at Longewala (beyond Jaisalmer), where India fought a tough battle and achieved a resounding victory in the 1971 war against Pakistan. This border outpost was witness to the bravery of Indian soldiers.
174. Spend a couple of days touring the havelis of Shekhawati. These former homes of rich merchant families have ornate frescoes and carved pillars.
175. About 32 km from Bharatpur lies the picturesque Deeg Palace with furniture, paintings and other bric-a-brac belonging to the royal family of Bharatpur inside.
176. Built in 1594 by Raja Rai Singh, the sixth ruler of Bikaner, the red sandstone Junagarh Fort in Bikaner was an amalgamation of Mughal and Rajput architectural styles.
177. The sprawling Taragarh Fort at Bundi has three reservoirs which never run dry, and houses a series of palaces and a museum within its compound.
178. At the historic Yuksom village, near Pelling, you can visit the Coronation Park where the first Sikkimese king was crowned. Also in the same village is the Dubdi Monastery, considered one of the oldest in the state.
179. The facades of the sprawling mansions of the Chettiars in Karaikudi, called nattukottai, are embellished with imposing statues. About 60 km from Madurai.
180. The Nilgiris Mountain Rail, a toy train that winds around lush green mountains and passes through several tunnels, is the ultimate visual treat. It is on the Unesco World Heritage Site list. Board at Mettupalayam and travel till Coonoor.
181. With its many churches and other public buildings like the neo-classical Ripon Building, the gothic railway station and the Victoria Memorial Hall at George Town in Chennai gives a feel of British India.
182. There is an interesting collection of royal structures including granaries, armouries, tanks and even a palace at the Gingee Fort in Villipuram district, which rests on a hill.
183. There are magnificent temples and some of the oldest Dravidian buildings at Mamallapuram. The highlights are the shore temples, Krishna's Butterball and Arjuna's Penance.
184. About 40 km from Madurai is the beautiful 18th century Sivaganga Palace, which integrates South Indian architectural style with Rajputana art forms.
185. Better known as Lake Palace of the North-East, Neermahal, in the middle of Rudrasagar Lake, is one its kind boasting Mughal domes. There is a sound-and-light show in the evenings. About 53 km from Agartala.
186. The excavations at Pilak include statues of Buddha, Shiva, Surya and other deities, along with the ruins of ancient temples dating from the 7th to 9th centuries.
187. Built in the Indo- Saracenic style in 1901, the Ujjayanta Palace now houses the State Assembly. Tripura Tourism takes tourists inside to admire the interesting flooring and the wooden ceilings, but entry is restricted.
188. After your visit to one of the seven wonders of this world--the magnificent Taj Mahal--make your way to the Taj Museum that contains exquisite miniatures, portraits of Mughal rulers, architectural drawings of the Taj Mahal, and examples of stone inlay work.
189. The beautiful, white mausoleum of Itmad-ud-Daulah in Agra, was the pioneering work in white inlaid marble in India, and marks the transition from the red sandstone architecture of Akbar's period.
190. Though normally overshadowed by its neighbour the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort is a great display of Mughal and other architectural styles. It took more than eight years to complete.
191. Fatehpur Sikri, about 37 km from Agra, was the capital of Mughal Emperor Akbar, founded in 1568. The finest monuments within this area are the Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khas, Panch Mahal, and the tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti.
192. Towering over Lucknow is the iconic landmark, Bara Imambara. It boasts of one of the world's largest halls built without external support.
193. One of the best ways to explore the heart of Lucknow, is to take a heritage walk. See monuments, temples, havelis, mosques and colonial buildings. Call (0522) 261 2659 to book a tour.
194. Built in Gothic style, the 19th century All Saints Cathedral in Allahabad has arches across its three storey facade crowned by a tower, flying buttresses, snarling gargoyles and beautiful stained glass windows.
195. The memorabilia at Jawaharlal Nehru's childhood home, Anand Bhawan at Allahabad, includes his clothes and the English court document recording his trial for making salt.
196. At Moradabad, around the marketplace lie the ruins of a fort on the Ramganga River. There's also the Jama Masjid founded in the 17th century.
197. Mahoba in Bundelkhand has a stunning Sun Temple in granite.
198. The 17th-century sandstone mausoleum Khusrau Bagh in Allahabad, was built by Emperor Jahangir for his son Khusrau. It lies amid sprawling gardens.
199. Find some architectural jewels of the Mughal period in Faizadabad such as the Bahu Begum Maqbara, the mausoleum of Nawab Shuja-ud-dulah's wife, the Gulab Bari mausoleum and Moti Mahal.
200. Wander around in the Hammam of Jaunpur, a city of monuments off the tourist trail. The Jaunpur Fort is known for the perfect model of the hammam. About 400 metres from the fort is the striking Atala mosque.
201. Some of the places associated with Rani Laxmibai are the Jhansi fort and the Rani Lakshmi Mahal. The palace was the scene of a brutal massacre in 1858, when British troops bayoneted its occupants, including women and children.
202. At Rampur, visit the extensive fort and the Raza Library with its collection of Mughal miniatures, books, manuscripts and portraits.
203. Camel's Back Cemetery in Mussoorie is the resting place of most of the early British settlers of the hills.
204. The 16th-century Deogarh Fort in Dhanaulti has palaces with murals and splendid Jain temples.
205. The gorgeously Gothic St Paul's Cathedral in Kolkata, is the seat of the city's Anglican Diocese. The whole city comes here for the Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve. Near Maidan.
206. The South Park Street Cemetery has ornate vaults and decorated crypts. This is where many British officers were laid to rest.
207. The Armenian Church of the Holy Nazareth, located in a tiny lane in Old China Bazaar near Howrah Bridge, is Kolkata's oldest church dating back to 1764.
208. A tour of the Magen David Synagogue and Beth Eli Synagogue in Central Kolkata gives you a glimpse of the seat of the city's old Jewish community, whose numbers have dwindled to a mere handful.
209. The seat of political power in West Bengal, the imposing Writer's Building at Kolkata's Dalhousie Square, is an example of the Neo-Renaissance architectural style. It was built for administrative staff of the East India Company called 'writers'-hence the name.
210. Victoria Memorial, built by the then viceroy Lord Curzon in 1906 as a tribute to the Queen, still remains the city's most iconic structure with its lovely lawns. Go for a tonga ride around it. Tongas are available in front of the Victoria Memorial.
211. Take a tram ride down Red Road in Kolkata. The ride also goes through the Maidan, one of the last green stretches in the city.
212. Murshidabad's imposing Hazarduari Palace, built in 1837, derives its name from the 1,000 doors it was supposed to have. An excellent example of Indo- European architecture, it was home to Siraj-ud-Daulah, the last Nawab of Bengal.
213. The slow moving toy train from Darjeeling to Ghoom, run by the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, is now a World Heritage experience. It weaves its way around hills and puffs its way into tiny stations. The Darjeeling Station is on Hill Cart Road.
2012 India ideas: HeritageBy IndiaTodayTravelPlus | India Today Travel – Tue 14 Feb, 2012 2:38 AM IST
Here are 213 sites where you can relive the era gone by.
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